Some of the best American Mountain Ranges


A view of a canyon with a mountain in the background

America is a beautiful continent known best as the Home of Mountains. Especially in the northern region, you can see an incredible number of mountains throughout the country. Most of the beautiful mountain ranges in America are concentrated at the western backbone of the continent. You might have heard the word Cordillera, which is a chain of mountains in the western part of America that runs through the Northern, Central and South parts of America till Antarctica. The most notable mountain ranges in America include the Brooks and Alaskan Range, the Pacific Coast Ranges, the Cascades, the Rocky Mountains, Sierra Madres in Mexico, and the Appalachians. Keep reading to know more about some of the mountain ranges in America.

Appalachian Mountains 

A herd of cattle grazing on a lush green hillside

The Appalachian Mountains is one of the longest mountain ranges in America running through a distance of 1,500 miles found along the east coast of the United States from northern Alabama to Maine. The highest peak at the Appalachian is Mount Mitchell in North Carolina which is 6,684 feet. You can find many different trees here like pine trees, spruce, birch, and maple trees. Also, the Appalachian is the home of many animals including squirrels, white-tailed deer, wolves, beavers, and the red-tailed hawk. It is this place that served as a barrier to expansion for the first colonies in history. You can see many small ranges here like the Great Smoky Mountains, the Blue Ridge Mountains, Green Mountains, White Mountains, Longfellow Mountains, and the Berkshires. 

Rocky Mountains

A close up of a rock mountain

The Rocky Mountains are called fold mountains as they are formed at the point of meeting of Earth’s tectonic plates. The Rocky Mountains is the longest mountain range found in North America and is the second-longest mountain range found in the world. It runs through a distance of 3,000 miles from New Mexico, to Montana, and with a small portion of the range in Canada too. Mount Elbert in Colorado is the highest peak in the Rocky Mountains with a height of 14,440 feet above sea level. You can find North America’s Continental Divide along the sides of the Rocky Mountains. This Continental Divide is the point that water from America flows either to the Atlantic Ocean or to the Pacific Ocean. You can experience different seasons in the mountain regions including warm conditions, rainy seasons, summers and cold snowy winters. A major part of the mountain is filled with forests having spruce trees, pines, oaks, junipers, and firs trees. Rich wildlife content is there in Rocky including bighorn, badgers, grizzly bears, coyotes, elk, and white-tailed deer. Also, many smaller ranges Are there like Big Horn Mountains, the Front Range, the Wasatch Mountains, and the Bitterroot Range. The Rockies are famous for their national parks including Yellowstone National Park, Rocky Mountain National Park, Grand Teton National Park, and Glacier National Park.

Sierra Nevada

From the north-to-south along the west coast of the United States in the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range. You can see these ranges in California and some in Nevada. The length of the mountain is around 400 miles and the width is 70 miles. Mount Whitney is the highest peak found here with 14,505 feet. The Sierra Nevada is the native of the largest tree in the world, the giant sequoia trees. Some of these trees are believed to be over 3,000 years old. You can visit Yosemite National Park and Lake Tahoe located in these mountain ranges. Sierra Nevada Mountains are known as fault-block mountains, as they are formed by faults in the Earth’s crust.

Conclusion

Thus with America, there is a lot to visit including these beautiful mountain ranges. These mountain ranges in America are their best biodiversity and natural resources that help in water production, giving clean air, conducting various research with plants and animals, maintaining cultural diversity and spending leisure time relaxing.

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